では “comrade-in-arms”はどうでしょうか?


:smiley_cat: それでは、英語を英語で理解し、例文と画像で覚えましょう!

:white_check_mark: 01 acquaintance 知人 知り合い

It means you know this person superficially. Maybe you know who he is but you can’t remember his name. For example, when you see your neighbor, you know he is from Europe and living next to you. He looks handsome but you don’t know any further information.

**(用例)**I made an acquaintance with this guy two months ago and yesterday he proposed to me!

:white_check_mark: 02 alumni 校友 卒業生

It means this person used to study at a certain school, such as yours.

**(用例)**The International Office in our school plans to invite some outstanding alumni to our career forum.

:white_check_mark: 03 ancestor 先祖 祖先

It means someone you descended from, usually many generations ago. By the way, your grandparents cannot be called “ancestor”, for sure.

**(用例)**Our ancestors made great achievements that still motivate us today.

:white_check_mark: 04 apprentice 徒弟 初心者

It means someone is learning a skill or craft from an experienced teacher/master. For example, a young guy called Takashima is learning from his master Nakamura-san how to cut hair. Then we can say Takashima-san is an apprentice of Nakamura-san.

**(用例)**Tommy, my apprentice, is full of talent but too lazy.

:white_check_mark: 05 better half つれあい (特に)妻

We usually use “better half” in spoken English. It means someone’s partner in marriage.

**(用例)**Linda is my better half.

:white_check_mark: 06 boss ボス 親分 支配者

I guess you already knew this word right? Yes, the CEO of a company can be your boss; the person who manages you can be your boss; and, your bad-tempered girlfriend can also be your boss :blush:

**(用例)**My boss is such a young lady that when I saw her at the first time, I thought she was an intern!

:white_check_mark: 07 buddy 兄弟 相棒

“Buddy” is a very casual word. It means a close friend, closer than an acquaintance.

(用例)Heres your Christmas present, buddy.

:white_check_mark: 08 classmate 同級生 同じクラスで学ぶ生徒

Very clear word, “class” + “mate”. It means you and this person studied or are studying in the same class.

**(用例)**Mary, my classmate, finally becomes a successful artist.

:white_check_mark: 09 coach 指導員

Well, here I don’t mean the bag brand, but the person who trains you in something. For example, Hoshikawa-san is a middle-aged man, he teaches you how to play basketball and tells you what a brave guy you should be. He is very strict, but you know, he is also very professional. He is your coach.

**(用例)**Our coach is always strict but we all know he is a good person.

:white_check_mark: 10 colleague 同僚

It means the one you work with. He can be a boring and strict man, or, she can be an energetic and lovely lady :sunglasses: You are familiar with them in work.

(用例)Daichi is discussing on how to do the coming monthly presentation with his colleagues.

:white_check_mark: 11 companion 仲間 友

It means one who lives with you or does things with you. The guy who travels with you for 3 days can be your “companion”. The dog who grows up with you can also be your “companion”.

(用例)You are my best companion.

:white_check_mark: 12 comrade-in-arms 戦友

Well, personally I like this word. You guys are far beyond friend or buddy. Rather, you guys devote yourself in chasing your dreams together, achieve something together, or even compete with others together.

(用例)We view each other as comrade-in-arms.

:white_check_mark: 13 confidant 腹心の友 親友

This is to describe a very close friend. You guys share secrets. You guys also affect each other’s private life.
(用例) Lucy is the closest confidant that Bonny has.

:white_check_mark: 14 couple 特に夫婦 二人

It means two people who live together.

(用例)Ive known this lovely couple for more than 10 years.

:white_check_mark: 15 coworker 協力者

Coworker means the person who works for the same company as you do. Particularly, he is from another branch or department. You guys are not familiar with each other.

(用例)I need to discuss this plan with my coworkers from other departments since we havent talk with each other yet.

:white_check_mark: 16 crush 一時のべたぼれ のぼせあがりの相手

It means you suddenly fell in love with this guy (but he even may not know who you are) and you are addicted to his face, his voice, his everything. But a crush is a crush, it usually doesn’t last long. After a certain period, you will treat him like a normal person.

(用例)I had a crush on you but now I dont want to see you anymore.

:white_check_mark: 17 enemy 敵 敵軍

Well, of course, you don’t like this person. You guys have different positions and opinions. But maybe you respect each other?

(用例)Ill never forgive my enemy!

:white_check_mark: 18 fellow 男 (主に男性の)仲間

Usually, it means a person who frequently does something with you.

(用例) My fellow will always help me.

:white_check_mark: 19 folk 皆さん 家族

It means people in general or people who have a common ancestor.

(用例)My folks can always raise me up.

:white_check_mark: 20 frenemy 友を装う敵 ライバルと同時に友である者

This word is a combination of “friend” and “enemy”. It means the person is actually your enemy but he pretends to be your friend.

(用例)Sometimes you think someone is your friend, but in fact, she is your frenemy.

:white_check_mark: 21 half-brother 異母兄 腹違いの兄

It means you guys are brothers but you have different mothers.

**(用例)**Jason and Jack are half-brothers but they have a great relationship.

:white_check_mark: 22 intimate 親友

It means familiar friends. The friend knows your private business.

**(用例)**These old photos remind me of the invaluable time with my intimates.

:white_check_mark: 23 landlord 主人 亭主 家主

You go to City X for study and rent a house from Yoshino-san. Now, Yoshino-san is the landlord.

**(用例)**The landlord quoted a heavy price as rent.

:white_check_mark: 24 lover 恋人 愛人

Wow, a sweet word. I guess I don’t need to explain this word?

**(用例)**Susan is a secret lover of mine.

:white_check_mark: 25 mentor 良き指導者 教師

It means someone who guides you or advises you to do something.

**(用例)**As a mentor I always tell my students what is the role of a mentor.

<img src=https://images.pexels.com/photos/7374/startup-photos.jpg?w=940&h=650&auto=compress&cs=tinysrgb>

:white_check_mark: 26 partner 仲間 協力者 相手

A person who shares common interest with you or lives together with you.

**(用例)**As business partners, we trust each other.

:white_check_mark: 27 posterity 後世の人々 子孫

Means future generations.

**(用例)**Beethoven left his name to posterity.

:white_check_mark: 28 predecessor 前任者 先輩

Usually means a person who had the same job or position before you.

**(用例)**In the years before he took the job, his predecessor was considered ineffective.

:white_check_mark: 29 protege 被保護者 子分

It means someone you protect and support as a mentor.

**(用例)**The young guy learned much as a protege of his manager.

:white_check_mark: 30 relative 親類

A person who is related by blood or marriage to you.

**(用例)**The young female was not allowed to travel long distances without the company of a blood relative.

:white_check_mark: 31 sisterhood 姉妹であること 姉妹関係 姉妹の道

The relationship between sisters.

**(用例)**Yui and Rio quickly knew their sisterhood would never fade.

:white_check_mark: 32 soulmate 気の合う人 心の友

Nice word. It means you guys really understand each other although you guys may be quite different.

**(用例)**Its not hard to find a girlfriend or boyfriend but its never easy to find a soulmate.

:white_check_mark: 33 spouse 配偶者

Means your partner in marriage

(用例) That man and his spouse spent their honey-moon on an island.

:white_check_mark: 34 stakeholder 利害関係者 賭け金の保管人

You can see this word as shareholder, or the person who has an investment or interest in something.

**(用例)**Make sure you consider our stakeholders every time you want to change something.

:white_check_mark: 35 subordinate 従属者 部下 属官

Means the person who obeys you or has a lower rank than you.

**(用例)**The boss doesnt view these young guys as his subordinates but as comrade-in-arms.

:white_check_mark: 36 sweetheart 恋人 いとしい人

Umm, another sweet word. You can say this word to the person you love ardently.

**(用例)**Oh my sweetheart you never know how much I love you.

:white_check_mark: 37 sworn brother 義兄弟

You guys don’t have a blood relationship, but you guys are more like real brothers.

**(用例)**Sometimes a sworn brother is even better than a blood brother.

:white_check_mark: 38 sworn enemy 怨敵 一生の敵

The guy took your lover away-he is your sworn enemy. The guy damaged your hometown-he is your sworn enemy. The guy carried away your beloved cow-he is your sworn enemy. You swear that you will punish him-he is your sworn enemy.

**(用例)**John is my sworn enemy. I hate him!

:white_check_mark: 39 tenant 借用者 借家人 借地人

Oh personally I don’t like this word. You rend a house from Fukuhara-san, you owe him. You are the tenant.

**(用例)**The tenant paid the rent on time.

:white_check_mark: 40 tutor 家庭教師 指導教員 後見人

This person gives you private advice and training. He is your private teacher.

**(用例)**The tutor is highly experienced in teaching young professionals.

:smiley_cat: KOTOBAに登録して、無料で単語帳やフラッシュカードを使って勉強しましょう!


(The KOTOBA Team 編集部)

「いいね!」 3